Articles of FaithA Muslim believes in the following 6 articles of Faith:
1.Oneness of God
A Muslim believes in ONE GOD, Supreme and Eternal,
Infinite and Mighty, Merciful and Compassionate, Creator and Provider.
God has no father or mother, no son or daughter. None is equal to Him.
He is God of all humankind, not of a special tribe or race.
God is High and Supreme but He is very near to the pious thoughtful
believers; He answers their prayers and helps them. He loves the people
who love Him and forgives their sins. He gives them peace, happiness,
knowledge and success. God is the Loving and the Provider, the Generous,
and the Benevolent, the Rich and the Independent, the Forgiving and the
Clement, the Patient and the Appreciative, the Unique and the
Protector, the Judge and the Peace. Many of these attributes of God are
mentioned in the Quran.
God creates in humans the mind to understand, the soul and conscience
to be good and righteous, the feelings and sentiments to be kind and
humane. If we try to count His favors upon us, we cannot, because they
are countless. In return for all the great favors and mercy, God does
not need anything from us, because He is Needless and Independent. God
asks us to know Him, to love Him and to enforce His law for our benefit
and our own good.
2. Messengers and Prophets of God
A Muslim believes in all the Messengers and Prophets of God without
any discrimination. All messengers were mortals, human beings, endowed
with Divine revelations and appointed by God to teach mankind. The Holy
Quran mentions the names of 25 messengers and prophets and states that
there are others. These include Adam, the first Prophet, along with
Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad, the last of
the Prophets (peace be upon them all). The key message brought by all
Prophets was the same: to believe in One God and not to associate
partners with Him, to stay away from sins and to lead a life devoted to
earning God’s pleasure.
3. Revelations and the Quran
A Muslim believes in all scriptures and revelations of God, as they
were complete and in their original versions. Muslims believe in the
original scriptures that were given to previous messengers; for example
David received the Psalms (Zabur), Moses the Torah (Taurat) and Jesus
the Gospel (Injeel). However, the previous scriptures do not exist today
in the original form in which they were revealed.
The Quran is the last testament in the series of divine revelations
from God, and Muslims recite and turn to it for guidance in all aspects
of their life. It comprises the unaltered and direct words of God,
revealed through the Angel Gabriel, to the final Prophet, Muhammad,
peace be upon him (pbuh), some 1400 years ago. The Quran is unique
because it is the only revealed book that exists today in the precise
form and content in which it was originally revealed.
The Quran is unrivaled in its recording and preservation. The astonishing fact about this scripture is that it has remained completely unchanged
over the past fourteen centuries, a fact that is attested to by both
non-Muslim and Muslim scholars alike. There are no versions of the Quran
and every copy in the world remains identical, word for word in its
original language Arabic. Muslims to this day continue to emphasize the
importance of memorizing the Quran word by word, as a whole or in part,
recognizing that it is the Speech of God and not a book written by
Muhammad (pbuh), as sometimes erroneously thought.
Angels are a creation of God. They are purely spiritual and splendid
beings that require no food or drink or sleep. They have no physical
desires or material needs. Like other creations of God, Angels spend
their time worshiping God. In contrast to human beings, Angels do not
have free Will – they can only obey God and do not have the ability to
disobey Him. Each Angel is charged with a certain duty. Angels cannot be
seen by the naked eyes.
5. Day of Judgment
A Muslim believes in the Day of the Judgment. This world as we know
it will come to an end, and the dead will rise to stand for their final
and fair trial. On that day, all men and women from Adam to the last
person will be resurrected from the state of death. Everything we do,
say, make, intend and think are accounted for and kept in accurate
records. They are brought up on the Day of Judgment.
One who believes in life after death is not expected to disobey God.
They will be ever-conscious that God is watching all their actions and
the angels are recording them.
People with good records will be generously rewarded and warmly
welcomed to Paradise. People with bad records will be fairly punished
and cast into Hell. The real nature of Heaven and Hell are known to God
only, but they are described by God in familiar terms in the Quran.
If some good deeds are seen not to get full appreciation and credit
in this life, they will receive full compensation and be widely
acknowledged on the Day of Judgment. If some people who commit sins,
neglect God and indulge in immoral activities seem superficially
successful and prosperous in this life, absolute justice will be done to
them on the Day of Judgment. The time of the Day of Judgment is known
by God alone.
A Muslim believes in the ultimate Knowledge and Power of God to plan
and execute His plans. God is Wise, Just, and Loving, and whatever He
does must have a good motive, although we may fail sometimes to
understand it fully. The believer should have strong faith in God,
recognizing that their own knowledge is limited and their thinking is
based on individual consideration. In contrast, the Knowledge of God is
limitless and He plans on a universal basis. Humans should think, plan
and make sound choices and then put their trust in God. If things happen
as they want they should praise God. If things do not happen as they
want they should still praise God, recognizing that He knows best what
is good for the affairs of mankind.